By: Neil Arwin Mercado – Reporter/INQUIRER.net /January 29, 2021
MANILA, Philippines — A review of the over 5,000 drug-related police operations that resulted in deaths should also cover people who “emboldened those that pulled the trigger,” United Nations (UN) special rapporteur Agnes Callamard said Friday.
During the online forum of the Foreign Correspondents Association of the Philippines (FOCAP), Callamard, an international human rights investigator, was asked on possible benchmarks that the inter-agency panel evaluating the police drug operations should hit. The inter-agency panel is headed by the Department of Justice (DOJ).
“To me, one of the most clear and centrally-important steps that must be taken and that should be a benchmark is to not just focus on those that pulled to trigger but to also focus on those that emboldened those that pulled the trigger,” she said.
“Is the review panel prepared to tackle incitement? Is the review panel prepared to tackle those who have repeatedly said ‘I have your back’ to the killers in uniform, to the serial killers in uniform?” she added.
Callamard said the review panel should be ready to look into the system itself and the policies of the leadership “that has allowed for the continuation of those human rights violations.”
“There should be no limit as to who should be included in that review—from the President to the police commissioners, and below and in between, all of them,” she said.
“If they have said, if they have incited, if they have protected, if they have done any of those things, they should be part of the benchmarking of how the Philippines is prepared to respond to those human rights violations,” she added.
Callamard said that mere dismissal of police officers involved in human rights violations in the drug war operations is “not a benchmark,” even saying that it is “the opposite of accountability.”
“I’m sure being dismissed is a problem, but being dismissed if you’ve killed people, that’s not acceptable,” she said.
“Let’s begin by talking about a clear benchmark for killings, clear benchmark for human rights violations that’s not an administrative response. It’s got to be a traditional response, it’s got to be a proper acknowledgement of the wrong being done,” she added.
The review should also cover the family of the victims and the help that has been extended to them, both in terms of achieving justice and receiving financial support, Callamard further said.
DOJ Secretary Menardo Guevarra said the initial report on the review of drug war deaths has been submitted to President Rodrigo Duterte.
Guevarra noted, however, that the submitted document was just a partial report.(PA)